Estrés: una Constante Danza Entre la Biología y la Cultura

Milton Herrera Sánchez

Resumen


Este artículo es una revisión bibliográfica multidisciplinaria sobre el tema estrés, utilizando muchas obras de autores que están en la primera línea de investigación sobre el tema.  La palabra estrés, el concepto y la teoría sobre estrés son temas muy importantes de la actualidad y su complejidad trasciende todos los niveles académicos y culturales. La importancia de entender mejor el fenómeno llamado estrés radica en que es parte de la vida diaria de todas las personas de diferentes culturas y que muchas veces tiene consecuencias funestas para la salud de los individuos. Académicamente hablando, hoy más que nunca, se necesita un enfoque interdisciplinario, en el que las explicaciones del comportamiento humano, las estructuras biológicas y los mecanismos fisiológicos se complementen entre sí para identificar y explicar tanto viejas como nuevas formas de fenómenos que afectan a los seres humanos. En consecuencia, el objetivo de este artículo es compartir con los estudiantes y profesores de diversas disciplinas de estudio, el tema del estrés, sus conexiones e implicaciones con la biología y la cultura, y dar rienda suelta a preguntas y respuestas para continuar investigando más profundamente este fenómeno. Este artículo termina con sugerencias de investigación hacia la reducción o eliminación de estrés en la vida cotidiana de las personas de hoy en día.

Palabras Clave: biología/cultura; estrés; interdisciplinario; plasticidad; TEPT.

 

Abstract

This article is a multidisciplinary literature review on the subject of stress, using many works of authors that are in the first line of research on the subject. The word stress, the concept and the theory of stress are very important issues today and their complexity transcend all the academic and cultural levels. The importance of better understanding the phenomenon called stress is that it is part of the daily life of all kinds of people of different cultures and often has dire consequences for the health of the individuals. Academically speaking, today more than ever, an interdisciplinary approach is needed, in which explanations of human behavior, biological structures and physiological mechanisms are complemented to identify and explain both, old and new forms of phenomena that affect human beings. Consequently, the objective of this article is to share with the students and professors of various disciplines of study, the topic of stress, its connections and implications with biology and culture and to unleash questions and answers to continue investigating this phenomenon more deeply. This article ends with research suggestions towards the reduction or elimination of stress in the daily lives of people today.

Keywords: biology/culture; interdisciplinary; plasticity; stress; PTSD.


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